Science Series: Creation Confusion – Resources for Research on Creation, Evolution, and Intelligent Design


When it comes the issue of creation, it is easy to be overwhelmed by the various views and details involved.

Some of the key positions that one needs to be aware of include: young-earth creationism, old-earth creation, theistic evolution, naturalistic evolution, and intelligent design.  A good book the surveys the different views (young earth, old earth, and theistic evolution) is Three Views of Creation and Evolution ed. by J. P. Moreland and John Mark Reynolds.

Young-Earth Creationism

This view holds that God created the earth, in fact, the entire universe, in six literal twenty four hour days and the universe is only 6,000 to 10,000 years old.



Resources on Young Earth:

Old-Earth Creation

This position agrees with mainstream science that the universe is 13.7 billion years old and that the earth is 4.5 billion years old unlike the young-earth creationists.  Similar to young-earthers is the rejection of macro-evolution.  They are several camps of old-earthers such as gap theorists, day-age theory, and literary framework, to name a few.



Resources on Old Earth:

Theistic Evolution

This view agrees with the old-earth position regarding the age, but also believes that God utilized the process of biological evolution to bring about the diversity of biological life beginning 3.5 billion years ago including the common descent of humanity.



Resources for Theistic Evolution:

Intelligent Design

The theory of intelligent design holds that certain features of the universe and of living things are best explained by an intelligent cause, not an undirected process such as natural selection.  This view can be held by young earth, old earth, theistic evolution, but not naturalistic evolution.



Resources for Intelligent Design:

Naturalistic Evolution

This view states that all life on Earth evolved from a single species from an unguided, natural process.  God was not involved in the process.



Resources on Naturalistic Evolution:

Other Helpful Resources:

Dr. William Lane Craig has down a 21 series class (Defenders), both as a podcast and a video, that is available on his website titled “Creation and Evolution.” It is extensive and thorough as it surveys the various options on this issue.

Screen Shot 2015-07-04 at 12.57.54 PMNatasha of Christian Mom Thoughts has provided a very helpful blog on the various views of creation, evolution, theistic evolution, intelligent design, young earth, and old earth as well as naturalistic evolution.  Her flowchart/diagram is very helpful in understanding the issues.  This would be a great place to start when wading into the pool of creation and evolution.

Hope this helps in some research and study in the issue of creation, evolution, and intelligent design.


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